Refugee Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2017

The following table includes all intake: appeals by the claimant or by the Minister that have not yet been decided by the Refugee Appeal Division (RAD), and appeals that have been returned to the RAD from the Federal Court. Please note:

  • Appeals finalized in a given year may have been filed in a previous year.
  • The country of alleged persecution in the table below corresponds to the first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant when they made their claim before the Refugee Protection Division (RPD), and which was entered in the case management system.
  • Only countries for which an appeal was filed, finalized, or pending within this reporting period are displayed.
  • The table below reflects the data on countries contained within the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) case management system and is used solely to support the refugee determination process. The fact that these countries are listed should not be construed as implying that the IRB recognizes these particular countries’ sovereignty or political status. Furthermore, country names may not accurately reflect the current geopolitical situation; rather, they reflect the information as it currently exists in the IRB case management system.

Understanding RAD Appeals Tables

  • Filed: New appeals filed to the RAD.
  • Non-Merit: Appeals dismissed and finalized without an analysis of the substance of the RPD decision:
    • Dismissed – Lack of RAD Jurisdiction: Certain types of RPD decisions cannot be appealed to the RAD—for example, claims of designated foreign nationals, rejected claims where the RPD stated that the claim had no credible basis, and claims that were determined by the RPD to be abandoned. Note: Until August 2014, this included appeals filed by nationals of designated countries of origin.
    • Dismissed – Appeal not Perfected: After the filing of a notice of appeal, a proper record was not submitted by the appellant to the RAD, or not within the proper time limit.
    • Dismissed – Withdrawn, Abandoned & Other: Other reasons or default in the proceedings that led the RAD to dismiss the appeal without an analysis of the merits.
  • Merit: Appeals finalized where there has been an analysis of the substance of the RPD decision:
    • Dismissed – Confirmed RPD: The RAD has confirmed the determination of the RPD, meaning that the appeal is dismissed.
    • Allowed – Referred Back: The RAD has allowed the appeal and referred the matter to the RPD for re-determination, giving the directions to the RPD that it considers appropriate.
    • Allowed – Substituted Determination: The RAD has allowed the appeal, set aside the RPD determination and substituted a determination that, in its opinion, should have been made.
  • Total Finalizations: All appeals finalized on merit or non-merit during the time period indicated. Appeals may have been filed in a previous time period.
  • Pending: All appeals that have not been finalized.
  • Country of Alleged Persecution:
    • Name of Country: The first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant in their claim before the RPD.
    • Stateless: During their claim before the RPD, the claimant was identified as not being a citizen of any country.
    • Unknown: The country of alleged persecution is identified as “unknown” in the IRB case management system.

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - January to September  2017

  Filed Non-Merit Merit Total Finalizations Pending
(as of 2017/09/30)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD Jurisdiction Dismissed - Appeal not Perfected Dismissed – Withdrawn, Abandoned & Other Dismissed - Confirmed RPD Allowed - Referred Back Allowed - Substituted Determination
Total 3,457 294 188 80 1,294 323 275 2,454 2,944
Afghanistan 27 4 0 1 19 8 6 38 17
Albania 37 1 0 1 20 2 1 25 55
Algeria 24 0 2 0 6 2 0 10 36
Angola 4 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 6
Antigua and Barbuda 11 0 0 0 13 0 5 18 3
Argentina 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
Armenia 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Azerbaijan 29 1 0 0 6 1 0 8 21
Bahamas 10 0 5 0 11 1 10 27 5
Bangladesh 49 0 6 0 13 8 1 28 45
Barbados 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 1
Belgium 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 7
Benin 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 2
Bolivia 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Botswana 4 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 1
Brazil 12 0 1 0 5 0 1 7 12
Bulgaria 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Burkina Faso 6 0 1 1 1 0 0 3 13
Burundi 19 5 1 1 2 1 2 12 19
Cambodia 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2
Cameroon 32 1 1 0 3 4 1 10 57
Central African Rep 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Chad 25 0 1 0 7 4 0 12 35
Chile 11 0 0 0 11 0 0 11 23
China 330 9 13 3 184 42 9 260 221
Colombia 87 43 6 9 13 7 2 80 62
Congo (Brazzaville) 13 3 1 0 2 1 1 8 13
Congo, Dem Rep (Zaire) 76 10 8 1 11 8 2 40 86
Costa Rica 11 0 2 0 5 0 0 7 4
Croatia 9 1 0 0 5 0 0 6 4
Cuba 16 4 0 0 2 1 1 8 9
Cyprus 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Czech Republic 14 1 1 1 6 3 2 14 1
Djibouti 40 6 1 0 1 0 0 8 34
Dominica 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Dominican Republic 7 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 6
Ecuador 6 1 3 0 2 1 0 7 1
Egypt 30 1 1 0 12 3 2 19 25
El Salvador 20 3 0 1 7 0 8 19 15
Equatorial Guinea 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 2
Eritrea 40 5 5 0 7 0 4 21 36
Ethiopia 63 3 3 5 29 10 10 60 40
Finland 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
France 6 3 0 0 0 0 2 5 3
Gabon 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 4
Gambia 5 0 1 0 2 0 0 3 5
Georgia 30 4 0 0 7 3 1 15 27
Germany 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Ghana 39 0 3 2 17 2 1 25 35
Greece 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 3 0
Guatemala 11 0 0 1 2 1 0 4 16
Guinea 9 1 3 0 3 2 3 12 12
Guinea-Bissau 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Guyana 13 0 0 0 9 0 0 9 13
Haiti 142 36 4 1 30 1 0 72 164
Honduras 11 0 0 0 7 1 4 12 9
Hong Kong (SAR) 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Hungary 101 0 4 9 71 15 5 104 64
India 175 4 7 0 55 15 3 84 231
Indonesia 9 0 0 0 0 3 0 3 9
Iran 32 0 2 0 7 1 5 15 29
Iraq 68 12 4 7 18 17 15 73 47
Ireland 3 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 0
Israel 5 1 0 0 8 0 0 9 4
Italy 18 0 2 8 16 0 0 26 7
Ivory Coast 1 0 0 0 2 2 0 4 4
Jamaica 29 1 5 0 23 0 0 29 17
Jordan 17 7 0 0 10 4 4 25 16
Kazakhstan 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 1
Kenya 15 0 1 0 2 1 0 4 13
Korea R. (South) 5 0 1 0 0 3 0 4 1
Kosovo 5 0 0 0 11 0 1 12 5
Kuwait 1 0 1 1 0 0 0 2 1
Kyrgyzstan 3 0 0 0 1 0 2 3 2
Latvia 4 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 2
Lebanon 63 5 9 6 21 9 2 52 62
Liberia 3 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 2
Libya 14 0 0 0 9 0 9 18 15
Lithuania 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Mali 19 0 1 0 5 3 3 12 45
Mauritania 10 0 1 3 0 0 1 5 10
Mauritius 1 0 0 0 1 3 0 4 1
Mexico 117 6 11 1 22 8 2 50 96
Moldova 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Mongolia 1 0 1 0 6 2 0 9 1
Montenegro 5 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 5
Morocco 14 0 2 0 1 2 0 5 12
Mozambique 3 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 0
Namibia 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Nepal 22 0 0 0 17 1 0 18 13
Nicaragua 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Niger 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 3
Nigeria 585 24 21 8 259 64 21 397 409
Norway 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 0
Pakistan 99 9 2 2 47 1 6 67 73
Palestine 23 10 0 0 7 0 1 18 8
Peru 8 7 0 0 0 0 0 7 9
Philippines 3 0 0 0 4 1 0 5 3
Poland 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 2
Portugal 3 0 4 0 1 0 0 5 0
Qatar 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Romania 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Russia 11 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 12
Rwanda 17 3 0 0 1 2 3 9 21
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Fed. Of 5 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 5
Saint Lucia 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 4
Saint Vincent 5 0 1 0 5 1 1 8 5
Saudi Arabia 17 4 0 0 8 0 0 12 13
Senegal 11 0 1 0 4 1 0 6 19
Serbia 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 4 0
Sierra Leone 3 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 3
Slovakia 8 0 3 0 10 0 0 13 4
Somalia 120 0 6 0 27 4 45 82 102
South Africa 14 2 2 2 0 0 0 6 8
Spain 6 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 10
Sri Lanka 38 3 1 0 9 1 3 17 29
Sudan 18 2 0 0 3 1 2 8 18
Switzerland 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Syria 9 2 0 0 9 0 0 11 5
Taiwan 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 0
Tajikistan 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Tanzania 8 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 7
Thailand 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 1
Togo 2 0 1 0 1 1 1 4 3
Trinidad and Tobago 3 0 0 0 1 1 2 4 2
Tunisia 5 0 0 0 8 0 0 8 9
Turkey 102 11 3 2 18 8 26 68 62
Uganda 32 1 1 1 12 1 2 18 26
Ukraine 34 1 2 0 6 8 11 28 24
United Kingdom 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
United States of America 23 2 0 1 6 4 0 13 24
Uruguay 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Uzbekistan 6 0 0 0 0 3 0 3 6
Venezuela 56 11 6 0 18 4 10 49 44
Vietnam 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Yemen 8 1 0 0 6 0 0 7 7
Zambia 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Zimbabwe 23 11 3 0 3 0 4 21 10
Unknown 3 0 0 0 5 0 0 5 0
(Blank) 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2