Refugee Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2016

The following table includes all intake: appeals by the claimant or by the Minister that have not yet been decided by the Refugee Appeal Division (RAD), and appeals that have been returned to the RAD from the Federal Court. Please note:

  • Appeals finalized in a given year may have been filed in a previous year.
  • The country of alleged persecution in the table below corresponds to the first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant when they made their claim before the Refugee Protection Division (RPD), and which was entered in the case management system.
  • Only countries for which an appeal was filed, finalized, or pending within this reporting period are displayed.
  • The table below reflects the data on countries contained within the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) case management system and is used solely to support the refugee determination process. The fact that these countries are listed should not be construed as implying that the IRB recognizes these particular countries’ sovereignty or political status. Furthermore, country names may not accurately reflect the current geopolitical situation; rather, they reflect the information as it currently exists in the IRB case management system.

Understanding RAD Appeals Tables

  • Filed: New appeals filed to the RAD.
  • Non-Merit: Appeals dismissed and finalized without an analysis of the substance of the RPD decision:
    • Dismissed – Lack of RAD Jurisdiction: Certain types of RPD decisions cannot be appealed to the RAD—for example, claims of designated foreign nationals, rejected claims where the RPD stated that the claim had no credible basis, and claims that were determined by the RPD to be abandoned. Note: Until August 2014, this included appeals filed by nationals of designated countries of origin.
    • Dismissed – Appeal not Perfected: After the filing of a notice of appeal, a proper record was not submitted by the appellant to the RAD, or not within the proper time limit.
    • Dismissed – Withdrawn, Abandoned & Other: Other reasons or default in the proceedings that led the RAD to dismiss the appeal without an analysis of the merits.
  • Merit: Appeals finalized where there has been an analysis of the substance of the RPD decision:
    • Dismissed – Confirmed RPD: The RAD has confirmed the determination of the RPD, meaning that the appeal is dismissed.
    • Allowed – Referred Back: The RAD has allowed the appeal and referred the matter to the RPD for re-determination, giving the directions to the RPD that it considers appropriate.
    • Allowed – Substituted Determination: The RAD has allowed the appeal, set aside the RPD determination and substituted a determination that, in its opinion, should have been made.
  • Total Finalizations: All appeals finalized on merit or non-merit during the time period indicated. Appeals may have been filed in a previous time period.
  • Pending: All appeals that have not been finalized.
  • Country of Alleged Persecution:
    • Name of Country: The first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant in their claim before the RPD.
    • Stateless: During their claim before the RPD, the claimant was identified as not being a citizen of any country.
    • Unknown: The country of alleged persecution is identified as “unknown” in the IRB case management system.

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2016

  Filed Non-Merit Merit Total Finalizations Pending (as of 2016/12/31)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD Jurisdiction Dismissed - Appeal not Perfected Dismissed – Withdrawn, Abandoned & Other Dismissed - Confirmed RPD Allowed - Referred Back Allowed - Substituted Determination
Total 3,816 276 156 112 1,618 570 235 2,967 1,941
Afghanistan 51 13 0 1 7 5 4 30 28
Albania 69 2 1 1 24 3 4 35 43
Algeria 32 0 4 1 17 9 0 31 22
Angola 5 0 2 0 0 0 0 2 3
Antigua and Barbuda 11 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 10
Argentina 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Armenia 1 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 1
Austria 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Azerbaijan 3 0 0 0 2 1 0 3 0
Bahamas 32 0 1 0 7 4 3 15 22
Bahrain 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Bangladesh 49 10 0 0 22 8 6 46 24
Barbados 2 0 1 0 1 0 0 2 0
Belgium 7 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7
Benin 5 1 1 0 3 0 0 5 3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Botswana 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Brazil 8 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 7
Bulgaria 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0
Burkina Faso 13 0 3 0 1 0 0 4 10
Burundi 17 8 1 0 4 2 1 16 12
Cambodia 3 0 0 0 2 1 0 3 2
Cameroon 53 1 4 0 18 17 1 41 35
Central African Rep 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Chad 25 0 1 0 4 3 0 8 22
Chile 29 0 0 4 4 3 0 11 23
China 437 9 8 3 267 66 17 370 151
Colombia 107 22 2 2 35 17 10 88 55
Congo (Brazzaville) 12 3 0 0 4 1 0 8 8
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Zaire) 86 17 4 2 46 19 5 93 50
Costa Rica 3 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 0
Croatia 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Cuba 12 6 0 1 5 2 0 14 1
Cyprus 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Czech Republic 11 0 2 0 12 0 0 14 1
Djibouti 3 1 0 0 0 0 1 2 2
Dominica 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Dominican Republic 6 1 0 3 2 2 0 8 2
Ecuador 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Egypt 22 1 0 0 7 0 3 11 14
El Salvador 32 15 1 0 2 1 0 19 14
Eritrea 37 4 3 0 16 6 0 29 17
Ethiopia 61 1 1 0 19 12 7 40 37
France 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Gabon 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Gambia 3 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 3
Georgia 17 1 1 1 3 3 0 9 12
Germany 2 0 1 2 0 0 0 3 0
Ghana 32 0 2 0 20 6 2 30 21
Greece 6 1 2 0 4 0 0 7 3
Grenada 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Guatemala 16 7 0 1 3 0 0 11 9
Guinea 19 0 2 0 7 7 1 17 15
Guyana 17 0 0 0 15 0 0 15 9
Haiti 124 14 5 5 30 32 2 88 94
Honduras 25 7 0 9 7 1 0 24 10
Hong Kong (SAR) 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Hungary 216 7 0 31 107 28 36 209 67
India 193 4 9 1 88 18 2 122 140
Indonesia 6 0 0 1 7 1 0 9 3
Iran 23 0 0 0 8 7 3 18 12
Iraq 96 5 10 8 15 8 2 48 52
Ireland 9 0 3 0 0 6 0 9 0
Israel 20 6 0 1 8 1 0 16 8
Italy 32 0 0 0 34 0 0 34 15
Ivory Coast 10 1 0 0 5 1 0 7 7
Jamaica 68 0 4 1 51 8 3 67 17
Japan 3 0 1 0 3 0 0 4 0
Jordan 34 2 0 0 5 5 2 14 24
Kenya 14 0 0 0 5 4 4 13 2
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North) 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Korea, Republic of (South) 1 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0
Kosovo 16 0 1 0 7 1 1 10 12
Kuwait 3 0 1 0 1 0 1 3 2
Kyrgyzstan 4 1 0 0 4 0 0 5 2
Lebanon 88 5 11 5 25 5 4 55 51
Liberia 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Libya 35 0 1 0 15 11 9 36 19
Madagascar 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Malaysia 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Mali 45 0 2 1 14 5 4 26 38
Mauritania 9 4 0 0 6 0 0 10 5
Mauritius 8 0 3 0 1 0 0 4 4
Mexico 39 9 5 0 11 1 0 26 29
Moldova 3 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 1
Mongolia 14 0 0 0 4 0 1 5 9
Montenegro 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Morocco 5 1 2 0 7 0 0 10 3
Namibia 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Nepal 27 0 2 1 14 1 1 19 9
Netherlands 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Niger 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 2
Nigeria 449 20 10 7 170 69 20 296 221
Pakistan 109 14 1 1 64 16 15 111 41
Palestine 5 5 0 2 1 0 0 8 3
Panama 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 0
Peru 8 0 0 0 5 2 0 7 8
Philippines 9 0 3 0 5 0 0 8 5
Poland 2 1 0 0 1 0 0 2 1
Portugal 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Romania 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Russia 7 0 0 0 4 1 0 5 3
Rwanda 16 1 0 0 6 1 1 9 13
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Federation of 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Saint Lucia 8 1 1 0 3 0 1 6 5
Saint Vincent 14 0 2 0 7 1 1 11 8
Saudi Arabia 14 1 1 0 3 2 0 7 8
Senegal 19 0 0 0 8 1 0 9 14
Serbia 4 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 4
Sierra Leone 2 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1
Singapore 2 0 1 0 1 0 1 3 0
Slovakia 74 0 0 0 47 26 6 79 9
Somalia 135 2 8 0 51 49 16 126 64
South Africa 18 6 0 1 12 5 0 24 0
Spain 5 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 5
Sri Lanka 22 2 0 1 14 3 2 22 8
Sudan 18 1 0 0 5 2 5 13 8
Syria 18 4 0 0 7 2 5 18 7
Taiwan 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Tajikistan 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0
Tanzania 5 0 0 0 4 2 1 7 0
Thailand 7 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 4
Togo 8 1 2 0 1 1 0 5 5
Trinidad and Tobago 5 0 0 0 2 1 0 3 3
Tunisia 16 0 1 0 5 2 1 9 12
Turkey 58 5 0 2 29 8 3 47 28
Uganda 14 0 1 0 5 2 1 9 12
Ukraine 54 2 0 4 29 18 7 60 18
United Arab Emirates 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
United Kingdom 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0
United States of America 26 1 10 0 3 1 0 15 14
Uruguay 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Uzbekistan 5 0 0 2 3 1 0 6 3
Venezuela 62 14 0 3 19 1 3 40 37
Yemen 9 0 0 0 3 2 0 5 6
Zambia 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2
Zimbabwe 21 3 1 3 4 2 1 14 8
Stateless 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Unknown 7 0 2 0 2 2 0 6 2