Refugee Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2015

The following table includes all intake: appeals by the claimant or by the Minister that have not yet been decided by the Refugee Appeal Division (RAD), and appeals that have been returned to the RAD from the Federal Court. Please note:

  • Appeals finalized in a given year may have been filed in a previous year.
  • The country of alleged persecution in the table below corresponds to the first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant when they made their claim before the Refugee Protection Division (RPD), and which was entered in the case management system.
  • Only countries for which an appeal was filed, finalized, or pending within this reporting period are displayed.
  • The table below reflects the data on countries contained within the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB) case management system and is used solely to support the refugee determination process. The fact that these countries are listed should not be construed as implying that the IRB recognizes these particular countries’ sovereignty or political status. Furthermore, country names may not accurately reflect the current geopolitical situation; rather, they reflect the information as it currently exists in the IRB case management system.

Understanding RAD Appeals Tables

  • Filed: New appeals filed to the RAD.
  • Non-Merit: Appeals dismissed and finalized without an analysis of the substance of the RPD decision:
    • Dismissed – Lack of RAD Jurisdiction: Certain types of RPD decisions cannot be appealed to the RAD—for example, claims of designated foreign nationals, rejected claims where the RPD stated that the claim had no credible basis, and claims that were determined by the RPD to be abandoned. Note: Until August 2014, this included appeals filed by nationals of designated countries of origin.
    • Dismissed – Appeal not Perfected: After the filing of a notice of appeal, a proper record was not submitted by the appellant to the RAD, or not within the proper time limit.
    • Dismissed – Withdrawn, Abandoned & Other: Other reasons or default in the proceedings that led the RAD to dismiss the appeal without an analysis of the merits.
  • Merit: Appeals finalized where there has been an analysis of the substance of the RPD decision:
    • Dismissed – Confirmed RPD: The RAD has confirmed the determination of the RPD, meaning that the appeal is dismissed.
    • Allowed – Referred Back: The RAD has allowed the appeal and referred the matter to the RPD for re-determination, giving the directions to the RPD that it considers appropriate.
    • Allowed – Substituted Determination: The RAD has allowed the appeal, set aside the RPD determination and substituted a determination that, in its opinion, should have been made.
  • Total Finalizations: All appeals finalized on merit or non-merit during the time period indicated. Appeals may have been filed in a previous time period.
  • Pending: All appeals that have not been finalized.
  • Country of Alleged Persecution:
    • Name of Country: The first listed country of alleged persecution as identified by the claimant in their claim before the RPD.
    • Stateless: During their claim before the RPD, the claimant was identified as not being a citizen of any country.
    • Unknown: The country of alleged persecution is identified as “unknown” in the IRB case management system.

Appeals by Country of Alleged Persecution - 2015

  Filed Non-Merit Merit Total Finalizations Pending (as of 2015/12/31)
Dismissed - Lack of RAD Jurisdiction Dismissed - Appeal not Perfected Dismissed - Withdrawn, Abandoned & Other Dismissed - Confirmed RPD Allowed - Referred Back Allowed - Substituted Determination
Total 2,959 250 148 85 1,606 209 483 2,781 1,092
Afghanistan 22 6 2 0 9 2 7 26 7
Albania 45 2 3 0 31 5 11 52 9
Algeria 31 1 0 0 21 2 3 27 21
Angola 8 5 0 0 1 0 2 8 0
Antigua and Barbuda 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Argentina 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Armenia 5 0 0 1 4 0 0 5 2
Austria 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Azerbaijan 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Bahamas 13 0 4 0 0 0 4 8 5
Bangladesh 62 5 1 4 34 11 3 58 21
Barbados 6 1 0 0 4 2 1 8 0
Benin 5 0 0 0 6 0 0 6 3
Bolivia 3 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1 1 0 0 3 0 0 4 0
Botswana 3 2 1 0 0 0 1 4 0
Brazil 7 0 0 0 4 0 3 7 0
Bulgaria 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Burkina Faso 2 0 0 0 3 0 1 4 1
Burundi 19 3 0 3 2 1 5 14 11
Cambodia 7 0 0 1 7 0 0 8 2
Cameroon 55 1 0 0 40 4 11 56 23
Central African Republic 1 0 0 0 0 2 0 2 0
Chad 18 2 1 0 10 0 3 16 5
Chile 5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 5
China 391 24 7 6 275 13 83 408 84
Colombia 109 30 5 7 45 6 12 105 36
Congo (Brazzaville) 10 0 1 1 4 0 3 9 4
Congo, Democratic Republic of the (Zaire) 102 9 5 0 49 8 12 83 57
Costa Rica 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Croatia 14 14 1 0 0 0 0 15 0
Cuba 24 2 1 0 20 3 6 32 3
Czech Republic 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4
Djibouti 6 0 0 0 2 0 3 5 1
Dominican Republic 9 1 0 1 5 1 1 9 4
Ecuador 3 2 0 0 2 1 0 5 0
Egypt 13 0 0 2 10 8 5 25 3
El Salvador 19 1 2 0 19 3 1 26 1
Eritrea 21 1 3 0 13 8 3 28 9
Ethiopia 58 2 2 1 25 6 20 56 16
France 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0
Gabon 3 0 1 0 1 0 0 2 1
Gambia 6 0 0 0 5 0 1 6 1
Georgia 24 4 1 1 16 2 3 27 4
Germany 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 1
Ghana 47 2 2 0 27 1 6 38 19
Greece 8 0 0 0 1 0 3 4 4
Grenada 5 0 4 0 3 0 1 8 0
Guatemala 7 7 0 0 6 0 1 14 4
Guinea 26 2 3 1 12 4 1 23 13
Guinea-Bissau 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 2 0
Guyana 8 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 7
Haiti 106 7 14 4 62 5 27 119 58
Honduras 27 12 2 0 8 0 0 22 9
Hungary 96 3 4 8 21 1 0 37 60
India 125 1 9 0 93 0 9 112 69
Indonesia 8 0 0 0 2 1 0 3 6
Iran 21 1 0 2 12 5 11 31 7
Iraq 14 4 1 0 7 0 2 14 4
Israel 5 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 4
Italy 20 3 0 0 4 0 1 8 17
Ivory Coast 11 0 0 1 6 3 1 11 4
Jamaica 43 1 7 1 24 1 4 38 16
Japan 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Jordan 14 2 0 0 13 2 0 17 4
Kenya 20 2 1 0 9 3 6 21 1
Korea, Democratic People's Republic of (North) 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Korea, Republic of (South) 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Kosovo 21 1 0 1 18 0 8 28 6
Kuwait 4 0 0 2 1 1 0 4 2
Kyrgyzstan 6 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 3
Lebanon 55 13 4 2 28 0 2 49 18
Liberia 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Libya 46 0 0 4 11 0 12 27 20
Madagascar 1 0 0 0 3 0 0 3 1
Malaysia 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Mali 29 0 1 0 13 2 2 18 19
Mauritania 8 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 6
Mexico 22 3 0 3 1 0 0 7 16
Mongolia 14 0 2 0 11 0 4 17 0
Morocco 20 1 0 0 8 3 2 14 8
Myanmar, Burma 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 3 0
Namibia 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Nepal 5 0 1 0 3 1 2 7 1
Netherlands 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Nicaragua 5 2 3 0 0 0 0 5 0
Niger 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Nigeria 230 10 3 1 150 16 45 225 68
Pakistan 126 6 4 4 80 8 14 116 42
Palestine 20 1 8 1 4 1 2 17 6
Panama 3 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3
Peru 14 4 0 0 3 1 0 8 7
Philippines 12 0 2 0 8 0 0 10 4
Poland 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Romania 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Russia 13 0 2 7 6 1 4 20 1
Rwanda 12 3 2 0 5 0 1 11 6
Saint Kitts and Nevis, Federation of 6 0 0 0 1 5 0 6 0
Saint Lucia 15 2 1 0 8 3 1 15 3
Saint Vincent 13 1 2 0 8 2 1 14 5
Saudi Arabia 6 0 0 0 0 1 6 7 1
Senegal 10 2 0 0 13 0 1 16 4
Serbia 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
Sierra Leone 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Singapore 2 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1
Slovakia 16 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 14
Somalia 116 3 12 1 35 14 19 84 55
South Africa 13 0 0 0 7 2 4 13 6
Spain 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 2 3
Sri Lanka 34 3 3 0 30 1 2 39 8
Sudan 17 0 0 6 9 1 1 17 3
Sweden 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Switzerland 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Syria 11 0 0 0 9 2 0 11 7
Taiwan 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0
Tanzania 5 1 0 0 1 0 2 4 2
Togo 7 0 1 1 3 1 0 6 2
Trinidad and Tobago 4 0 0 0 5 1 5 11 1
Tunisia 14 0 1 0 12 4 1 18 5
Turkey 46 6 2 0 21 5 8 42 17
Uganda 13 0 0 0 4 3 6 13 7
Ukraine 104 6 3 5 47 9 29 99 24
United Arab Emirates 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1
United States of America 6 1 0 0 2 0 0 3 3
Uruguay 3 3 0 0 0 0 0 3 0
Uzbekistan 8 1 0 0 3 0 1 5 4
Venezuela 28 0 0 1 17 4 7 29 15
Vietnam 2 0 0 0 4 0 0 4 0
Yemen 4 0 0 1 3 0 0 4 2
Zambia 2 0 0 0 2 0 0 2 0
Zimbabwe 7 0 1 0 3 2 3 9 1
Unknown 5 2 0 0 0 0 2 4 2